According to researchers, the ideology born in 2011 is a mixture of anti-globalization, cyber-anarchism and populism similar to the one that emerged in Russia and America in the late 19th century.
We’ve all seen the Anonymous mask, a symbol for the emerging kind of revolution (anarcho-populism) and a symbol that we have seen on the streets of Cairo and elsewhere. The new ideology that has emerged is rooted in the anti-globalization movement that emerged in the 1990s but also in 2000. These movements rejected the power and promoted the idea of collectiveness by local assemblies. However, there is a significant difference between the anti-globalization movements and those of the squares, for example, those who have been resurrected in Greece and elsewhere.
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The anti-globalization campaign was directed at global neoliberalism as well as its main supporters such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization. while the protests in the square, like those we saw during the Aganaktismenoi in Greece were primarily against the domestic oligarchy of the political system. The idea of ideological purity simply did not exist. People from all different walks of life participated in the movement of the squares. They discussed and discussed their opinions with others. Their objective was to bring about more justice and transparency within the system of political power.
In the wake of the crisis in the economy The “contract” between rulers and the people was broken. Neoliberal elites have created artificial economic crises that don’t save all people. This has resulted in millions of people in poverty, and extreme poverty (Greece is an example of this). Governments are no longer able to provide for prosperity, or even the sustainability of their citizens. Their freedom is limited.
Social media is a major instrument of the emerging ideologies and movements. They make use of social media to spread messages that enrage citizens, and to protect them from austerity measures (see the anti-auction movement in Greece). The communications campaigns of these movements expose the economic and political scandals, the middle-class poverty and the oppression of the government.
A two-pole system is constructed – the common people against the elites, common people who seek democracy and fight against totalitarianism. These movements are fought by the Left due to the competitive nature of their relation to the Left. The economy is based on two primary motives providing social services and guarantee the minimum wage. However, the current theory, which is opposed to globalization movements which seek to end capitalism, stresses the elimination of inequalities on a local and national and local levels.
The current system of political leadership cannot match the new political idealism. I believe it’s wrong to classify this new ideology populist in the sense nationalism that is chauvinistic.
Failure to understand the new ideology will also be the cause of the demise of many political coalitions and parties which are in existence today. The collapse is evident in Greece by the mass-contestation process and the formation of smaller parties. They do not fully grasp the new paradigm but still think in a traditional way.
The world’s turmoil is a result of global change. Although the new reality isn’t yet established, it will be, possibly following painful processes, established to improve living conditions for all.